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Thu 7 Jun 2007 - 5:59 pm UTC
Need initial high-level research data on the NGO sector in ONE of the following countries: Brazil, Egypt, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Mexico, or Russia.
My apologies but posting as a set of questions for practical reasons. If
this works, will post same questions for 30 more countries. Please don't
hesitate to provide feedback such as "90% of questions can be answered for your price, but not this 10%. Would need $x more to answer those."
Source of data is important. For example, the number of NGOs is from 2005
and from the government agency authority in that country.
What is the total number of operating NGOs in the country?
(For example: see http://www.civilsoc.org/ for an answer to Hungary)
What percentage of NGOs are computer enabled?
What percentage of (NGO?) population is connected to the internet?
What are the top 10 types of NGO’s (from activity codes)?
Who are the Top 10 ICT NGO’s?
NGO registration authority
Is there an online database of certified NGOs based upon the country’s
NGO registration authority? (e.g. Guidestar in the US)
What is the primary language of business / commerce in the NGO sector in
What is the primary language used online? What is the character set is
If multiple languages are used within various regions of the country, what
are the legal requirements regarding language usage in business community?
Are there any known government or country efforts or movements around ICT?
Examples might include telecentres, adoption of open source, eGovernance
Are there any regional or geopolitical affiliations with neighboring
countries? (e.g. EU) Are there any political or cultural reasons that
would prevent this country from serving another?
Are there any known government agencies, government initiatives, umbrella
or association organizations, that serve the country’s NGO market or
their ICT needs?
Country / population data
What percentage of general population is computer enabled?
What percentage of the general population is internet enabled?
Any regional differences by language?
Any regional differences by ethnicity?
Any significant economic differences by region?
Any differences in computer or internet access by region?
I can offer up links to some sites that may be helpful for NGO statistics, but you'll also have to dig into country census data, etc. that may not be covered by these sites.
Internet World Stats, provides internet usage/penetration, including by country
Council on Foundations: http://www.usig.org/countryinfo.asp - data include types of orgs, local & tax laws on Ranked 1 countries: Hungary, Mexico, Germany, France, Ireland; and Ranked 2 countries: Russia, Czech, Croatia, Brazil.
Johns Hopkins CCSS: http://www.jhu.edu/~ccss/Publications/cnpwork/index.html - papers from Johns Hopkins on governing law (but not often market size) for some of our countries: data on ranked 1 countries: New Zealand, Ireland, Hungary, France, Germany, Egypt (including in '3rd world report' w/Brazil); and ranked 2 countries: Brazil, Pakistan, Netherlands, Columbia, Czech, Netherlands, Italy,
ICNL: http://www.icnl.org/knowledge/library/index.php - laws governing NGOs in many of our target countries
Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium: http://www.asianphilanthropy.org/countries/index.html - provides "third sector" overview, including market size (in narrative form; some links don't work)
Thu 7 Jun 2007 - 6:33 pm UTC
We'd like to put a high priority on getting the research for Brazil before doing the other countries.
Fri 8 Jun 2007 - 1:01 pm UTC
Hi there. I had been working on your question with a focus on Hong Kong, before I saw your clarification regarding a priority for Brazil.
From what I've seen thus far, Hong Kong is do-able,
Brazil is hard to evaluate because of the (for me) considerable language barrier, but I suspect there are far less NGO statistics available for Brazil.
I'll unlock this question, in case another researcher can find a way to provide information on Brazil.
If you're interested in a Hong Kong profile, let me know.
Sat 9 Jun 2007 - 2:58 pm UTC
I'm sorry that noone has come forward to work on Brazil as yet, unfortunately the researcher best suited to the task is busy with another question. Hopefully he will be available soon and will be able to help you.
I have been working on your question in regards to India. I would like to suggest that you post two new questions, one "For David - NGOs in Hong Kong" and the other "For Patricia - NGOs in India". In that way, at least your research won't be stalled waiting for Brazil.
We will look forward to your reply,
Sat 9 Jun 2007 - 11:28 pm UTC
I think I can get most of the requested information for Mexico.
I agree with my colleagues that the best way to do this is to list this question for *each country*.
Lumping multiple questions into one means a long wait for an Answer and creates an overwhelming amount of work for a researcher! It's much better to break a multi-part question into separate questions. Plus, we can't each post an Answer to this one questionn.
I'll continue to work on NGO information for Mexico.
Sun 10 Jun 2007 - 7:45 am UTC
Since I last posted, I've nearly completed my report on Mexico.
You may want to follow my colleague Patricia's suggestion and open three new questions:
For David - NGOs in Hong Kong
For Patricia - NGOs in India
For Nancy - NGOs in Mexico
Mon 11 Jun 2007 - 5:28 am UTC
I have information for Brazil, so will go ahead and post that information as the Answer for this specific question, as Brazil is your top priority.
It's difficult to obtain definitive, up-to-date NGO data in Latin American countries, as you'll see in this answer, and later in my report for Mexico.
In the case of Brazil, the most frequently cited organization I've found is the Brazilian Association of Nongovernmental Organizations (ABONG), which lists 270 NGOs as of 2005. Unfortunately, I cannot find lists in English, only in Portuguese.
OVERVIEW of NGOs in Brazil
Total number of NGOs in Brazil, according to ABONG:
"ABONG - Associação Brasileira de Organizações Não Governamentais (http://www.abong.org.br/)
Founded in 1991 and with 270 member associations as of November 2005, the Brazilian Association of Nongovernmental Organizations (ABONG) collectively represents the interests of Brazilian NGOs and promotes communication and connections among NGOs dedicated to strengthening democracy and civil rights. Members organizations work in the areas of regional development, human rights, public policy, agricultural issues, urban issues, and environmental and ecological issues. Site contains contact information for each of eight regional ABONG centers"
ABONG's site is in Portuguese:http://www.abong.org.br/ but I did find a translated site:
In the lower left corner, see the box titled " Research on Non-profit organizations in Brazil" with the link "Click and makes download of the publication here." Unfortunately, that link doesn't work in English.
The report is available only in Portuguese, at ABONG's original homepage:
That same box is titled "Pesquisa sobre Organizações sem fins lucrativos no Brasil." If you or any associates can translate, you can click "Clique aqui e faça o download da publicação" to bring up the 148-page report in Portuguese.
The Library of Congress mentions Filantropia as listing "400" non-profit organizations in Brazil. I did not find an NGO estimate that high anywhere else.
I found a translated version of Filantropia's homepage:
But I couldn't find a link to NGOs.
I found contact personnel and information for Filantropia at this page:
IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística)
IBGE's site has a list of NGOs in Brazil, but it's only current as of 2002 -- and it's available only in Portuguese:
The link at left, "Private Foundations and Non-profitable Associations in Brazil - 2002" on this page brings up only a Portuguese version:
I found contact information for IBGE at this site:
NGO ACTIVITY by TYPE & REGION
The only breakdown I could find on NGO activity in Brazil is this 2004 report from IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística):
"Non-Profitable Private Foundations and Associations in Brazil: In Brazil, 1.5 million persons work in 276 thousand non-profitable private foundations and associations":
About 26% of NGOs active in Brazil are faith-based. Human rights and rural issues are dominant in the north.Health and education are dominant in the southeast.
I didn't find any mention in this report of ICT or IT or tech.
OTHER NGO RESOURCES
Syngenta lists NGOs in Brazil in alphabetical order:
If you don't read Portuguese, fear not: the good news here is that when you click on each organization's name, a description of that NGO -- in English -- pops up.
Sygenta also has an entry for ABONG, referred to here as ABONGA:
ABONG "is a network of Brazilian NGO’s. The network is structured in an executive directory and eight regional directories, as well as four different thematic areas (administration, communication, Institutional development, law)
Around 250 associated members [this figure is slightly contradictory to previous citations]; all members of ABONG are NGO’s of all regions in Brazil with different focus in Agriculture, Culture and Society, Communication, Commercialisation, Development of regional economy, Racism, Health, HIV/AIDS, Education, Human Rights, Gender."
I also found some helpful resources at NotProfitExpert.com:
"directory of development organizations":
A listing of NGOs in Brazil begins on page 5
Official Registration of NGOs in Brazil
NGOs in Brazil register with the Ministério Público (Attorney General is the American equivalent).
The U.S. International Grantmaking (USIG) describes the legal setup re: not-for-profit organizations in Brazil: "A foundation is established in Brazil by submitting its letter of establishment, constitutive acts, and charters to the Attorney General’s Office ("Ministério Público"). Upon receiving the Attorney General's approval, the founders have to register their founding documents in the proper public register office. [Civil Code articles 62 to 69; Law 6.015/73 §120] Once registered, the Attorney General's Office has oversight authority over a foundation's administration. [Civil Code article 66]
Information at USIG is very similar (and similarly frustrating) to obstacles I found when researching NGOs in Mexico. Just as with Mexico, NGOs in Brazil are registered under a variety of categories:
Unfortunately, I wasn't able to find an online registry searching with terms like "Ministério Público."
Most references for NGOs in Brazil yielded ABONG as *the* registry for NGOs in Brazil.For instance, this "Member to Member" report, dated April 2007, from Concord (European NGO Confederation for relief and development), lists "National NGO Associations" and lists ABONG for Brazil.
So, regardless of the laws cited at USIG, ABONG appears to be the best -- or at any rate, the most frequently cited -- resource for NGOs in Brazil.
ICT-BASED NGOs in BRAZIL
I can't find any list or directory of ICT NGOs, nor does there seem to be any sort of authoritative "top ten" list of ICT NGOs.
Here's a roundup of some NGOs active in Brazil's ICT sector:
The Dot COM Alliance
Three Recently Completed Programs:
"Innovative Combinations of Energy and ICT":
"Brazil - Strategies for Sustaining and Expanding Computer Clubhouses in Brazil" [in conjunction with Intel]:
"Brazil - Programa Para o Futuro" (workforce program):
See more articles about dot-ORG's IT initiatives (and ICT issues) in Brazil at this page:
"Rits/Sampa.org: Internet Access and Effective Use by Third-Sector Organizations in Brazil
by Simon Batchelor, Soc Evangelista, Simon Hearn, Malcolm Peirce, Susan Sugden and Mike Webb" at the Communication Initiative:
(The term "Third Sector," which means non-profit.)
"First Year Project Report. RITS Observatory on ICT Public Policies (2003):
Since 1994 CDI Brazil "has already graduated more than 60,000 students from 190 schools throughout Brazil.
"CDI Brazil pattern consists in providing the initial donations to establish schools that will be self-sustained and self-administered from day one. The schools teach basic computer skills, primary Internet knowledge..."
Provides free software to women in Brazil and teaches computer skills to poor Brazilians.
"Iara da Rosa rules the Casa de convivencia in Porto Alegre. In this shelter for street people, she organizes computer training, and testifies it helps them to discover the power of communication and information technologies ; it became the turning point in the poverty process..."
Thanks to a 200,000 grant from Travelport, "young people in the Sao Mateus district of Sao Paulo will have an opportunity to gain marketable skills in ITC that will help them be successful in the marketplace...
"The program, entitled Disseminating Technologies, will help to narrow the digital divide through efforts to teach, motivate, and inspire children to learn more about using computers, the internet, and marketing communications skills."
ITAFE & Fundação Bradesco
World Economic Forum's IT Access for Everyone Initiative (ITAFE) has partnered with "Brazil's largest education foundation, Fundação Bradesco, [on] a job training and job search service in a local community in São Paulo. Through the use of agents carrying handheld devices, and special centres equipped with computers, individuals were able to learn certain skills and discover what jobs were available. This pilot programme is now permanent, run by Fundação Bradesco."
World Economic Forum Annual Report 2005/20006
"Cemina is a Brazilian NGO founded in 1988 with a mission of promoting communication and information on gender issues through radio broadcasting... The rationale behind the setting up of the ICT community radio project (Network Cyberella), was that ICTs would enable the exchange of audio material in order to improve the quality of radio content."
Cidade Escola Aprendiz
See this press release from the computer company AMD "NGO Associação Cidade Escola Aprendiz Promotes Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Skills Among Elderly":
"AMD joined forces with a non-governmental organization (NGO) called Cidade Escola Aprendiz to collaborate on a Learning Lab project for digital inclusion of seniors in São Paulo, Brazil.
"The program, named Oldnet, is based on a compelling methodology that calls for volunteer students from the surrounding communities to train seniors to be computer and Internet literate...to prevent 'age segregation.' "
Learn more at http://www.oldnet.com.br/
GOVT POLICIES RE: ICT
See Engendering ICT Toolkit - Brazil:
"Government policy on ICTs
"In the past several decades, the Brazilian ICT policy has focused on the growth of the domestic ICT sector. In 1999 the government launched an 'information society program.' The program focuses on universal access, business competitiveness, and e-government. Through the universal access plan, post offices in two large cities provide free Internet access to the communities..."
See "Appendix 3 National ICT Approaches: Selected Case Studies Brazil," from the Markle Foundation:
"Brazil began its pioneering approach to leveraging ICT for development in the 1980s, when it began implementing policies to promote the development of national enterprises in selected segments of the computer industry...
"In the 1980s, a so-called market reserve policy was established to create a 'greenhouse' environment to nurture locally-owned companies and protect them from import competition attracted to Brazil's relatively large and fast-growing market. This policy initially focused on mini-computers and was later expanded to include micro-computers. By restricting technology transfer agreements, the government encouraged companies to undertake R&D locally..."
Global Information Society Watch 2007 has a 7-page report on Brazil at:
"...Brazil has a fairly advanced (but poorly distributed) ICT infrastructure, largely a result of the telecommunications privatisation process begun in 1998. Until privatisation, the sector’s authority was centered in the Ministry of Communications ...
"One of the significant changes in the regulatory framework was the creation in October 1997 of the National Telecommunications Agency (ANATEL),4 the federal telecommunications regulatory body modelled
on the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) of the US.
"...[Under "Conclusions"] However, even though various national initiatives in the ICT field are among the best in the world, we are still lacking a unifying strategy that will deepen and democratise the benefits of new technologies..."
See this 2003 report, "Brazil@DigitalDivide.com," written by Bernardo Sorj, and published by UNESCO (United Nations Education Society Culture Organizations):
At Development Gateway, see a snapshot of "The Brazil Development Gateway (BrDG)." This "is a collaborative venture together with two specialized firms Matermart Computacao and Telematica e Desenvolvimento Ltda.
Learn more about programs in Brazil at Development Gateway (AiDA is an acronym for Accessible Information on Development Activities):
The CIA World Fact Book:
There are "6.508 million (2006)" Internet hosts and 25.9 million (2005) Internet users in Brazil.
At Internet World Stats (updated May 7, 2007):
Scroll down to the table to see info for Brazil:
"Internet Usage: 32,130,000
%Population Penetration: 17.2%"
The CIA World Fact Book:
190,010,647 (That's the CIA's estimate)
CIA World Fact Book:
"white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)"
From Kwintessential Language & Culture Specialists
"Ethnic Make-up: white (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and
black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1% ...
"..Many original Portuguese settlers married native women, which created a new race, called 'mestizos'... Mulattoes' are descendents of the Portuguese and African slaves...Unlike many other Latin American countries where there is a distinct Indian population, Brazilians have intermarried to the point that it sometimes seems that almost everyone has a combination of European, African and indigenous ancestry."
CIA World Fact Book:
"Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)"
See "Southern Region, Brazil" at Wikipedia:
for an overview of per capita and ethnic stats. The southern region has the highest HDI (Human Development Index) and literacy rates in Brazil.
See an overview of other regions at this page, "Regions of Brazil":
ECONOMY - BY REGION
The CIA World Fact Book lists "agricultural, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors" as key industries.
GDP is "$1.616 trillion (2006 est.)"
"Labor Force by Occupation:
services: 66% (2003 est.)"
Unemployment is "9.6% (2006 est)."
You can see an economic breakdown by regions in the report, "Basic Aspects of the Brazilian Economy" at this site from the Ministério da Fazenda:
Much of northern Brazil is covered by the Amazon forests, so the main industrial areas are in the South. Not surprisingly, the South also has the greatest population density, GDP, and the highest standard of living.
"Portuguese is spoken by nearly 100 percent of the population. The only exceptions are some members of Amerindian groups and pockets of immigrants, primarily from Japan and South Korea, who have not yet learned Portuguese. The principal families of Indian languages are Tupí, Arawak, Carib, and Gê."
The CIA World Fact Book:
Languages: "Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French."
Brazilian Portuguese differs from Portuguese in Portugal. Omniglot illustrates the differences:
COMPUTER CHARACTER SET
01276 Adobe (PostScript) Standard Encoding
01004 Latin-1 Extended, Desk Top Publishing/Windows
00037 USA/Canada - CECP
01277 Adobe (PostScript) Latin 1
00275 Brazil - CECP
01252 Windows, Latin 1
00437 Personal Computer
00819 ISO/ANSI Multilingual
01047 Latin 1/Open Systems
00500 International #5
00858 Personal Computer - Multilingual with euro
01140 USA, Canada, etc. ECECP
01148 International ECECP
00850 Personal Computer - Multilingual Page
00924 Latin 9 EBCDIC
00923 Latin 9
00859 PC Latin 9
01275 Apple, Latin 1"
(You can follow the links for each code at this page.)
Here is Microsoft's Brazilian Portuguese keyboard:
(Visible only in IE. Mouse over the keyboard for more details.)
DOING BUSINESS in BRAZIL
According to Wikipedia's entry on Brazil, "Portuguese is the only official language of Brazil. It is spoken by nearly the entire population and is virtually the only language used in schools, newspapers, radio, TV and for *all business and administrative* purposes."
Read "Brazil - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette" at Kwintessential Language & Culture Specialists:
Be sure to scroll down to the heading "Business Etiquette and Protocol in Brazil."
You're advised to hire a translator if no one in your party speaks Portuguese.
Also see Kwintessential's "Intercultural Business Communication" at:
At the bottom of that page, select your home country, then select Brazil as the "host country" to bring up key comparisons.
I hope this information is of help to you.
Mon 11 Jun 2007 - 8:05 pm UTC
Hello again techsoupglobal,
I just found what appears to be current contact information for ABONG.
If you look in the devdir (Directory of Development Organizations) directory of NGOs I listed:
"directory of development organizations":
http://www.devdir.org/files/Brazil.PDF (2007 Edition)
You'll see that the contact information is in English. They list ABONG's contact information on Page 6 as:
Phone & Fax:55-11-3237-2122
devdir lists ABONG as a "Category 6," which is a Civil Society Organization.
Another nice thing about the devdir directory is it gives you the code, and an explanation of each code (e.g. 1 is International; 8 is Information, etc.), for each listing.
If you're going to attempt contact with any Brazilian organization, I would recommend you try ABONG first, as they seem to be the most frequently cited source on NGOs in Brazil.
I also found a directory of 183 NGOs in Brazil listed by WANGO (World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations):
When you click on a listing in the WANGO directory, any information that pops up is in English.
The Committee for Democracy in Information Technology (CDI), listed on page 2 of the WANGO directory, may be of particular interest to you.
Tue 12 Jun 2007 - 12:29 am UTC
I'm sure other researchers will chime in on the intriguing issues you raised in your Comment.
In this case, no, I didn't use a source who speaks Portuguese. I was able to find English language reports on issues such as Brazil's ICT policies.
I found several directories of NGOs that are active in Brazil and those directories are written in Portuguese. Even if I had used a translator, translating over 200 entries would have been impractical!
The devdir directory I posted in my Clarification (which I'd listed, but not adequately highlighted, in my Answer), is the 2007 edition of the devdir.org's directory of NGOs in Brazil. So it's current, and what's especially great is it provides contact information *in English.*
The other directory I listed in my Clarification, Wango, lists about 183 NGOs in Brazil and has information about these organizations in English. (Clicking on the NGOs' names brings up info in a pop-up.)
The real problem, it seems to me, isn't a language barrier, but that many countries lack an adequate registry system and/or transparency in reporting NGO activity.
In some countries, like Mexico, the NGO registry system is a mess. About 3,000 organizations have registered with the Mexican government, yet I learned there are actually about *8,500* NGOs active in Mexico!
To give you an idea of the challenges in researching NGOs in some parts of the globe, see this report:
"Grassroots Movements and Political Activism in Latin America: A Critical Comparison of Chile and Brazil," written by Joe Foweraker, Professor of Government at the University of Essex, published in the Journal of Latin American Studies (2001), 33: 839-865. Abstract:
See footnote 14 at the HTML version of Foweraker's paper:
"It is notoriously difficult to estimate the number of NGOs across Latin America since the counting criteria vary from country to country. Numbers can be inflated if the count includes all 'third sector' organizations, such as philanthropic, welfare, cultural and sporting organizations. A recent estimate based on survey evidence from different countries talks of 50,000 NGOs (ALOP, 1999), but reckons that only 5,000 to 10,000 are genuine development NGOs (Valderrama, 1998:8), while another source puts the figure at 14,000 (Reilly, 1998:413). Vetter's current figure of 25,000 therefore seems plausible, if perhaps somewhat optimistic."
So, again, I think the obstacles you, and we researchers (!), are going to encounter in this sphere of research has more to do with the bureaucratic setup, and the transparency (or lack thereof) of reporting NGO activity, in each country.
In a best case scenario, Uclue would have a researcher in each country of interest to you who is also extremely knowledgeable about NGOs in each of those countries. Such a person would be able to ferret out more information, as well as provide more nuanced research.
We can't provide that perfect scenario, but we researchers, both at Uclue and in our previous work at Google Answers, have proven to be a tenacious bunch, and we have become quite adept at researching a wide variety of topics, and topics outside our native countries.
Please be assured we researchers enjoy assisting with projects such as yours. We like a good challenge and we look forward to your future questions! We're delighted you found Uclue and we hope our work proves satisfactory to you.
If you have any more questions, or if you need me to clarify anything in the above Answer, please click "Clarify" on the Action bar. This will ensure I receive notice of your inquiry.
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