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ANSWERED on Wed 15 Aug 2007 - 3:02 am UTC by Bobbie Sevens

Question: Amino Resins

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 14 Aug 2007 13:06 UTCTue 14 Aug 2007 - 1:06 pm UTC 

Looking for info on the amino resins market:

Amino rsins are presumed to be a commodity product but we are also interested in any specialty applications. Not sure of applications but think they could be urea Melamine, phenol Formaldehyde, polyurethanes, etc.



Bobbie Sevens 


 15 Aug 2007 03:02 UTCWed 15 Aug 2007 - 3:02 am UTC 

Hello Blucken,

Amino resins are thermosetting polymers that are largely used in many industrial applications. Urea formaldehyde accounts for over 80% of amino resins used while melamine makes up for most of the rest.

Vol. 6 (12), pp. 1432-1440, 18 June 2007


"Melamine-formaldehyde (MF), urea-formaldehyde (UF) and melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) are amino resins formed in a two-step chemical process between amines (and their derivatives) and formaldehyde."

"Urea-formaldehyde resins are the cheapest of the resins to produce. They possess good thermal properties with excellent hardness and an absence of colour."

MF resins are used for dinnerware, automotive top coats, textile finishes and exterior wood adhesives. MF resins are more heat resistant, less susceptible to acid hydrolysis and more water resistant than UF resins, but are more expensive to manufacture because of the relatively high cost of melamine.

MUF resins utilize the cost-effective strong UF component and the hydrophobic durable properties of MF resins. When compared to a UF resin, an MUF resin is more durable and therefore emits less formaldehyde.

Future Materials News - October, 2006


"Both urea- and melamine-formaldehyde resins are classified as amino resins which are dissolved in suitable alcohol-type solvents.  Amino resins are not used alone.  They are used in baking enamels in combination with alkyds to increase hardness and improve color as well as resistance to heat, soap, water and other chemicals."

"Urea-formaldehyde (UF) resins can produce cured coatings at room temperature if a suitable catalyst is included in the coating formulation."

"Melamine formaldehyde (MF) resins are superior to urea-formaldehyde resins in terms of: 1) cure, 2) hardness 3) chemical resistance and 4) durability.  Superior chemical resistance and durability are the prime reasons for the preferred use of melamine-formaldehyde resins in appliance as well as in automotive finishes."

Urea-formaldehyde (UF) resins
Applications/Characteristics: Catalyzed lacquers, baked enamels and primers

HMMM  (Hexamethoxymethyl Melamine)
Applications/Characteristics: Cross-linker for saturated polyesters for industrial and other baked metal finishes

Melamine formaldehyde (MF) resins
Applications/Characteristics: Cross-linker for alkyds and acrylic baked enamels

RI Chemical Corporation


"Amino resins are thermosetting polymers produced by the condensation reaction of an aldehyde and a compound containing the amino (–NH2) group. Although other aldehydes have been investigated, formaldehyde is used almost exclusively. The most important amino compounds are
urea and melamine; other amino compounds such as benzoguanamine, aniline, ethylene-urea and toluene sulfonamide are used to a limited extent."


"In the United States, demand for urea resins is dependent on the production of wood products. In 2002, approximately 86% of urea resins were consumed as wood adhesives in the production of particleboard, medium-density fiberboard (MDF) and hardwood plywood."


"From 1999 to 2002, the market for urea resins declined because of a decrease in construction activity, a weak economy and a combination of decreased particleboard production and increased imports of particleboard, the largest consumer of UF resins. In 2003 and 2004 (and continuing into 2005) this situation reversed with a robust economy and strong housing starts.

The growth in U.S. demand for urea resins is projected to continue slowly, at an average rate of 1.5-2.0% per year during 2004-2008. Overall, because of their low cost, urea resins will remain dominant resins for particleboard and MDF production. However, melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) resins will likely grow at the expense of UF resins in the fibrous and granulated wood market. Other UF markets, such as paper and textile treating and surface coatings, will continue to decline because of the environmental issues associated with formaldehyde exposure and because of substitution by better-performing products."

"Urea resins are relatively inexpensive to produce, light in color and fast-curing, with excellent hardness and arc resistance. However, these resins have some durability problems and are subject to breakdown by moisture and a variety of chemicals. Melamine resins are higher-priced than urea resins, but they exhibit superior surface hardness and are more resistant to breakdown under high temperature and moisture conditions."


U.S. Consumption of Urea-Formaldehyde Resins (millions of pounds)

Fibrous and Granulated Board/ Particle board               1,015
Fibrous and Granulated Board/ Medium Density Fiberboard      615
Glass Fiber Roofing Mats                                     255
Hardwood Plywood                                              97
Molding Compounds                                             64
Paper Treat/ Coating                                          41
Surface Coatings                                              27
Textile Treating                                              24
Other                                                         29
Total                                                      2,167

Average Annual Growth Rate (percent)

Fibrous and Granulated Board/ Particle board               -0.5%
Fibrous and Granulated Board/ Medium Density Fiberboard     4.4%
Glass Fiber Roofing Mats                                    2.3%
Hardwood Plywood                                            0.6%
Molding Compounds                                           2.2%
Paper Treating / Coating                                   -1.0%
Surface Coatings                                           -0.8%
Textile Treating                                           -0.8%
Other                                                       1.4%
Total                                                       1.8%

Fibrous and granulated board

"Fibrous and granulated wood products or composition boards are the largest market for UF resins, accounting for 75% of total consumption in 2004. UF resins are used primarily as binders for dry-process wood products such as particleboard and MDF. Since urea-formaldehyde has poor dimensional stability when exposed to alternating cycles
of low and high humidity, it is used mostly in wood products for interior applications. For exterior use, phenolic rather than amino resins are used."


"Urea resins account for over 95% of the total binder used in particleboard production; melamine, phenolic resins and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) account for the remainder."
In 2004, around 1,015 million pounds of urea resin were consumed to make 4.1 billion square feet of particleboard.

Surface coatings

"Amino resins are too hard and brittle to be used as a coating resin, but are often used to cross-link more flexible resins, such as hydroxy-terminated acrylics, alkyds and polyesters. Amino resins
for coatings are alkylated for enhanced solubility and then dissolved in an organic solvent such as n-butanol and isobutanol. In 2004, UF resins accounted for approximately 20% of the amino resins consumed in surface coatings, competing primarily on the basis of their low cost."

U.S. producers of amino resins

Borden Chemical, Inc.
Cytec Industries, Inc.
Georgia-Pacific Resins, Inc.
Capital Resin Corporation
OMNOVA Solutions Inc.
Perstorp Compounds, Inc.
Solutia Inc.
Southeastern Adhesives Company
Tembec BTLSR Inc.
Valspar Corporation
Akzo Nobel Inc.
Apex Chemical Corp.
BASF Corporation
Bayer Chemicals Corporation
Budd Chemical Company
Commercial Products Company Inc.
Cook Composites and Polymers
Dock Resins Corporation
Eastern Color & Chemical Company
Eastman Chemical
Pioneer Plastics Corporation
Southern Resin Inc.
Von Roll Isola USA, Inc.

U.S. List Prices for Urea Formaldehyde Resins
(cents per pound) 2004
Surface Coatings       94.0
Molding Resins         76

Download the complete report (16 pages) here:
Agroplast: October, 2005



"Amino resins have found applications in the fields of industrial and decorative laminating, adhesives, protective coatings, textile treatment, paper manufacture, and molding compounds. Amino resins are used in adhesive formulations for bonding plywood and furniture. The melamine resins give excellent boil-resistant bonds but for economy are usually blended with ureas."

"Melamine resins are also widely used for producing decorative laminates. These are usually assembled with a core of phenolic impregnated paper and a melamine impregnated overlay. They are cured by hot pressing and are widely used for countertops, cabinet tops and tabletops."

"Because of their colorability, solvent and grease resistance, surface hardness, and mar resistance, the urea resins are widely used for cosmetic container closures, appliance housing, and stove hardware. The production of high-quality dinnerware from cellulose-filled compounds is one of the largest uses for the melamine resins."

"Amino resins also modify textiles such as cotton and rayon by imparting crease resistance, stiffness, shrinkage control, fire retardance and water repellency. They also, improve the wet strength, rub resistance, and bursting strength of paper. Alkylated resins, in which butyl- or - or amyl-substituted monomethyl ureas or melamines are used, are combined with alkyd resins to give baking enamels. The urea-based enamels are used for appliances, and the melamine formulations in automotive finishes."
"Other amino resins include those based on ethyleneurea, used in textile applications; guanamine, used in surface coatings; and aniline, used in molded and laminated electrical insulation."

Manufacturers that commercially produce melamine formaldehyde resins
BIP Chemicals
Cytec Industries (Fiberite and Beetle)
Plastics Engineering (Plenco)

Source: Page 33, 34
Plastics Materials and Processes: A Concise Encyclopedia
By Charles A. Harper, Edward M. Petrie


Melamine-formaldehyde resins

"Melamine-formaldehyde resins or benzoguanamine resins for the
coatings industry are condensation products consisting of melamine
or benzoguanamine, formaldehyde and an etherification alcohol.
They are distinguished by viscosity, molecular weight, etherification,
reactivity and type of solvent.


Applications for this class of products include baking finishes, acid-curing finishes and physical-drying finishes. Both solvent-containing and water-based systems may be formulated, depending on resin structure."

Urea-formaldehyde resins

Urea-formaldehyde resins for the coatings industry are condensation
products consisting of urea, formaldehyde and an etherification
alcohol. They are distinguished by viscosity, molecular weight,
etherification, reactivity and type of solvent.


Applications for these product classes include baking finishes, acid curing finishes and physical-drying finishes. Both solvent-containing and water-based systems may be formulated, depending on resin structure.



"In 2002, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Western Europe, and Asia consumed about 8.4 million metric tons of amino resins. Demand for amino resins, particularly for use in wood products, is dependent on the level of construction activity and on the overall health of regional economies. Overall, the outlook for amino resins is for modest growth of approximately 2.5% per year through 2007, depending on the region."

United States

Urea Resins
"In the United States, demand for urea resins is dependent on the production of wood products. In 2002, approximately 86% of urea resins were consumed as wood adhesives in the production of particleboard, medium-density fiberboard (MDF) and hardwood plywood."

"U.S. demand for urea resins is projected to grow slowly, at an average rate of 1.5-2.0% per year during 2003-2007."

Melamine Resins
"Demand for melamine resins in the United States is driven by two end-use markets laminates and surface coatings. These two markets account for approximately 75% of MF resin demand in the United States. Overall, the demand for melamine resins is projected to grow at an average annual rate of nearly 3% through 2007."

Western Europe

Urea Resins
"The consumption pattern for urea resins in Western Europe is similar to that of the United States. (...) Overall, the demand for urea resins in Western Europe is projected to grow at a rate of 2.5% per year through 2007."

Melamine Resins
"In Western Europe, laminates are the largest market for melamine resins. (...) Overall demand for melamine resins in Western Europe is projected to grow by about 3% per year through 2007, primarily because of the increased consumption of melamine-urea-formaldehyde in the rapidly growing oriented strandboard (OSB) market."


"In 2002, 72 thousand metric tons of UF resins were consumed in Japan. Wood adhesive resins accounted for 89% of demand. Overall UF consumption is projected to decline at an average annual rate of about 3% during 2002-2007. No growth to slightly negative growth is projected for the melamine resin market in Japan. The biggest market for melamine in Japan is wood adhesives, accounting for about 75% of domestic demand."

Amino Resins: February 2004



"China’s two-decade high economic growth has spurred the rapidly rising consumption of amino resin. Since 1990, the country’s amino resin consumption has grown 15.8% annually. In 2000, the consumption of amino resin increased to 103,900 metric tons and Chinese domestic production reached 81,000 metric tons. China’s demand for amino resin is forecast to advance to 166,000 metric tons by the year 2005. As demand is advancing at a rapid pace, China strives to increase its amino resin output, which is forecast to rise to 201,000 metric tons by the year 2010. Growing by 13.9% annually, amino resin imports increased to 25,800 metric tons in 2000. Despite new facility construction and capacity expansions, China’s amino resin demand will continue to outstrip supply."

Chinese Markets for Amino Resin
AMID Co., Jan 2002,


Melamine 2004 and Beyond


The following report might also interest you.

The World Market for Amino-Resins, Phenolic Resins, and Polyurethanes in Primary Forms: A 2005 Global Trade Perspective
Icon Group International, Inc.
February 24, 2004
185 Pages
Price $795.

I hope the information provided is helpful!

Best regards,




 15 Aug 2007 17:36 UTCWed 15 Aug 2007 - 5:36 pm UTC 

great job again



Bobbie Sevens 


 15 Aug 2007 17:46 UTCWed 15 Aug 2007 - 5:46 pm UTC 


Thank you for the tip!
I'm glad you are happy with the answer.



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